Tanzanite is a rare and precious gemstone that has been the center of attention in the world of jewelry since its discovery in the 1960s. This beautiful blue-violet stone is a variety of the mineral zoisite, and is only found in one place in the world - Tanzania. Tanzanite is highly sought after for its unique color, rarity, and beauty, and it has become one of the most popular gemstones in the world.

The story of tanzanite begins in the 1960s, when Manuel de Souza, a Masai tribesman, stumbled upon strange blue crystals while tending to his cattle near Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. De Souza took the stones to a nearby gem trader, who recognized their potential and began to mine the area. The gemstone was quickly named tanzanite, after its place of origin, and it quickly gained popularity all over the world.

Tanzanite has a unique blue-violet color that is unlike any other gemstone. This color is caused by the presence of vanadium, which gives the stone its distinctive hue. The color of tanzanite can range from a pale blue to a deep blue-violet, and it is prized for its beauty and rarity. Tanzanite is also known for its pleochroism, which means that it appears to change color when viewed from different angles. This adds to the gemstone's allure, making it even more desirable to collectors and jewelry lovers.

In terms of its physical properties, tanzanite is a relatively soft gemstone, with a Mohs hardness rating of 6 to 7. This means that it can scratch easily, and it is important to take care when wearing tanzanite jewelry. Tanzanite is also a brittle stone, so it is important to handle it with care. Despite these challenges, tanzanite is a beautiful and rare gemstone that is well worth the effort to maintain.

When it comes to buying tanzanite, there are a few important things to consider. The first is the color of the gemstone, as the depth and saturation of the blue-violet color can greatly affect the price. The second is the clarity of the stone, as tanzanite can contain inclusions and fractures that can detract from its beauty. Finally, it is important to consider the cut of the stone, as this can also affect its beauty and value.

Tanzanite is a popular choice for jewelry, and it is often used in rings, necklaces, earrings, and pendants. It is also a popular choice for engagement rings, as its unique color and rarity make it a meaningful and special choice. When set in jewelry, tanzanite is often paired with diamonds, as the sparkling white stones accentuate the beauty of the blue-violet gemstone.

In conclusion, tanzanite is a rare and beautiful gemstone that has captivated the world since its discovery in the 1960s. With its unique blue-violet color, rarity, and beauty, it is no wonder that it has become one of the most popular gemstones in the world. Whether you are looking for a special piece of jewelry, or simply want to add a rare and beautiful gemstone to your collection, tanzanite is a great choice.

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